Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Geology, university of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

2 Department of Geology, Meshginshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Meshginshahr, Iran


Clinopyroxene phenocrysts and microphenocrysts in potassic and sodic Eosen alkaline volcanic rocks from the northern Lahrud (NW Iran) record various stages in the crystallization and evolution history of the alkaline melt as well as its origin. The rock series hosting the clinopyroxene phenocrysts is phonolitic tephrite and tephritic phonolite composition. Theses rocks generally show porphyritic texture and have a variable phenocryst-rich nature (25–50%), with phenocryst assemblages characterized by Cpx ± An ± Pl. The studied clinopyroxenes have relatively high Mg-numbers (0.66-0.90), variable Al2O3 (3.77-7.31 wt%), low TiO2 (<2.02 wt%) and Na2O (<1.23 wt%) contents and low AlVI/AlIV ratios (mostly <0.25), suggesting relatively low-pressure crystallizing conditions of the magma in the magma chamber. The calculated pressures for the clinopyroxenes in these rocks vary in the range of 4–5.5 kbars. Oscillatory reverse zoning of clinopyroxenes related to the different crystallization paths under a variable oxygen fugacity and different oxidation conditions and sudden pressure differentiation and magma mixing processes. Normal zoning related to the differentiation and fractional crystallization of the magma. The resorption texture of core parts of some clinopyroxenes are attributed to the changes of crystallization pressure though such textures have been ascribed to magma mixing.