Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of Geography, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran


The Razei region in the northwest of Ardabil is considered a part of West Alborz-Azerbaijan. Rocks in this area were created by Eocene volcanic activities. These rocks range from andesite to olivine basalt. The common texture of these rocks is Porphyritic with microlithic matrix. The phenocrysts of these rocks are often clinopyroxene, plagioclase, and olivine. The texture is made of microlithic plagioclase and fine crystals of pyroxene. The studied rocks have clear desire to alkali basalts in terms of chemical nomenclature. Disequilibrium factors between liquid and crystal show the processes of magmatic evolution in an open thermodynamic system. The mixed climate in this region has probably contributed the most to changing the chemical composition of these rocks. In the spider diagrams, enrichments often include some LIL elements and depletions usually include some HFS elements. Enrichment of LILE is probably accompanied with the contamination of the basic magma with materials from continental lithosphere. The volcanic rocks in Razei have mainly geochemical characteristics of back arc basin, and the magmas that created the rocks in this region have an origin of lithospheric mantle.