Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of Mining Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University (IKIU), Qazvin, Iran


In this paper, the recovery of vanadium from the secondary tail deposits of iron ore by salt roasting-alkaline leaching and solvent extraction has been investigated. To extract the vanadium, after the characterizations studies (XRF, SEM, and EPMA analyzes), preliminary leaching was performed using HCl to reduce lime. Subsequently, the solid that was gained from this stage was put in the oven for palletizing and salt roasting (sodium carbonate) at the temperature of 850°C. This sample was leached in the presence of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), under certain conditions. Solvent extraction experiments were carried out on the solution of carbonated leaching under different conditions. According to SEM studies, the dominant are calcium, vanadium, and phosphorus in the sample. The percentage of Vanadium (V), according to EPMA results in the 20 selected points, was determined as 0.65%. XRF analysis showed that V2O5 and CaO contents of sample were 2.04% and 51.72%, respectively. Lime was reduced to 32.59% after initial leaching with HCl. The carbonate leaching resulted in a total recovery of 93.46% at 85 °C for 60 minutes and with 40 g /l of sodium bicarbonate. In addition, under the optimum conditions of pH=6, the ratio Vaq/Vorg=1 and the organic phase concentration of  0.5 M using the anionic Aliquat 336 extractant, Vanadium can be recovered effectively  (extraction efficiency=97%) from alkaline leaching solution in the form of decavanadate  or and the anions in the form of  or in one stage.